State of Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples'
The State of Southern Nations,
Nationalities and Peoples' comprises 10% of the total area of the
country, that is administratively divided in to 9 zones, 72 woredas
and 5 special woredas. There are a total of 77 woredas and 149 towns
in the State. The rural part of the State had 3804 farmers'
association at the time of the 1994 census.
city of the State is Awassa.
The State lies
in the southern part of the country. It has common borders with
Kenya in the south, the Republic of the Sudan in the South west, the
State of Gambella Peoples' in the North west, and the State of
Oromiya in the North and East.
the CSA (Central Statistics Authority) annual statistical report,
the State has an estimated area of about 112,323.19 sq.kms.
the 1994 census report, the total population size of the State is
10,377,028 of which 5,161,787 were males and 5,215,241 females. The
rural population of the State accounts for 93.2% of the total
population. North Omo, Sidama, and Guragie are the three zones with
the highest number of population. The population is concentrated
mostly in eastern, northern and central part of the State while the
western and southern part of the State is sparsely populated.
groups that add to more than forty five indigenous ethnic groups
characterize the state. According to the 1994 census result, the
predominantly spoken languages include, Sidamigna 18%, Gruagigna
14.72%, Wolayitagna 11.53%, Hadiyigna 8.53%, Keffigna 5.22%, and
Kembatigna 4.35%. Other languages spoken in the State are, Gamoigna,
Malo, Goffa, Gedeo and many others. The working language of the
state is Amharic.
MAJOR ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
Coffee is the
most important cash crop. Other major crops of the region include
maize, teff, enset, potato, and wheat.
TOPOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
The State has
an undulating land feature dissected by the Omo river basin into
western and eastern parts. The elevation ranges form 376 to 4, 207
meter above sea level. The lowest area and highest peaks in the
State is recorded near Lake Rudolf in South Omo and at Mount Goge in
North Omo, respectively. About 56 % of the total area of the State
are found below 1,500 meters elevation, which is categorized largely
as hottest low land ("Kolla"). The rest 44% is found in the
temperate climatic zone.
The mean annual
rainfall of the State ranges from 500 - 2,200 mm. Its intensity,
duration and amount increases from South to Northeast and Northwest.
The mean annual temperature of the State in general ranges form 150C
RIVERS AND LAKES
and seasonal rivers are found in this State. These include, Omo,
Gojeb, Mago, Segen, Woito, Akobo, Dima, Wabi, Wolga, Bilate, and
Genale. River Omo stands amongst the largest.
Among the known
Rift Valley lakes are Awassa, Abaya, Chamo, Chew Bahir and Rudolf.
the CSA (Central statistical Authority) 1989 E.C. statistics, there
were 5,779,000 sheep & cattle, 2,136,300 goats, 210,900 horses,
39,000 mules, 160,000 donkeys, 7,023,000 chicken and 607,900 hives
in the region.
There are 23
kinds of wild animals and 300 species of birds. Some of the wild
animals found in this State are Elephant, Lion, Giraffe, Leopard,
Zebra, Monkey, Lesser kudu, Water Buck, Corocodile, Rhinoceros,
Warthogs, and Buffalo.
NATURAL RESOUCES AND MINERALS
State is rich in natural resources. These include, water, mineral,
fauna and flora. Some of the minerals of the region include gold,
coal, mineral water, clay, ditomite, scoria, limestone, mica,
nickel, iron-ore, and asbestos.
resource can be utilized for fishery, irrigation and hydroelectric
development. There are seven preserved forest locations. Forests and
bushes cover around 18% of the state.
Some of the
major tourist attractions of the State are lakes like Awassa, Abaya
and Chamo. Tropical forests such as Kaffecho, Shekecho and Omo zones
are wonderful places. The Nechsar, Mago and Omo national parks are
found in this state. These national parks are centers of tourist
The State has
established an investment office that promotes the state's conducive
and encouraging environment for investment. From 1991 to the end of
1998 575 licenses have been given to investors. The total capital
amounts to 1.94 billion Birr. These projects will create an
employment opportunity for 64, 557 skilled and non-skilled