Opportunities of Participation for Ethiopians
successful development that Ethiopian has made in the recent
years and its bright future created hence, the Prime Minister
calls upon the Ethiopian Nationals and Foreign Nationals of
Ethiopian origin to contribute their share in speeding up the
development effort of the country.
than one million Ethiopians live outside of the country,
particularly in North America, Europe and Middle East. As a
result of immigration, Ethiopia is loosing its skilled power and
is experiencing critical shortage of qualified personnel that
would have been working especially in higher education, in the
health sector, engineering and other important fields.
compensate for the shortage of such qualified and skilled
labour, an increasing number of expatriates are being employed
in the country.
need Ethiopians and Foreign Nationals of Ethiopian origins to
help their country and their country of origin in these areas.
However; the contribution of Ethiopians living abroad could not
be expressed only in terms of the currency remittances alone,
but they can also;
as visiting scholars
virtual networks and mainly Contribute to shaping the direction
of the scholarly environment.
can invest in the country as well as engage in promoting good
value of the country and in fact, in promoting and selling of
Ethiopian goods and products etc.
Roles Ethiopians and Foreign Nationals of Ethiopian Origins
Ethiopians Nationals and Foreign Nationals of Ethiopian origins
living abroad could play an important role in carrying out
research and investing at our homeland.
► we could win friends for Ethiopia and try to
influence to co-operate with our country.
► we could act as a bridge between Ethiopian
companies and firms in our land of residence, thereby promoting
investment and trade ties while seeking market for Ethiopian
► We could deliver market information to our home
land products, investment opportunities to our country, training
programme and education opportunities for Ethiopians,
information on sources of funds, grants and aids
availability/opportunity, particularly in search of markets for
Ethiopian products, in research and study activities, in
investment and nomination of investors as well as in the
promotion of Ethiopian tourism etc.
► in general, Ethiopians living abroad could be
public diplomats of our country. No body that could substitutes
the role Ethiopians living abroad would play in conducting
public diplomacy and in image building activities, in transfer
of knowledge and technology as well as in economic diplomacy.
► We, Ethiopians and Foreign Nationals of
Ethiopia origin living abroad, constitute huge asset in
promoting and realising our country’s vision of extracting
itself from poverty.
The Current Trend
Despite the outflow of Ethiopia’s qualified human resource, it
is an encourage to see a growing trend of their enthusiasm to
join the development effort of the country. With the new spirit
of collaboration, several initiatives have emerged recently from
individuals and organised group of non-resident Ethiopians. For
voluntary doctors who go to Ethiopia to take part in the
Millennium Celebration have recently rendered free service worth
hundreds of US$ in two hospitals of Addis Ababa;
are others that are playing a key role in investment as well a
knowledge and technology transfer;
individuals with qualification ranging from diplomas to post
graduate doctorate degrees have recently expressed their
interest to the IOM to participate in the wide range of
development initiatives of Ethiopia. These includes
arrangements (such as online universities)
time missions service
stay and providing technical assistances, knowledge and
repeated visit and, medium and long-term visit and permanent
Though Ethiopians have is a moral obligation to participate in
their country development, their networks and participation has
so far been expressed in the form of skill transfer (face to
face and /or through electronically network), sharing effective
working culture with local working force and investing financial
Efforts Made to Attract the Inputs of Ethiopians Living Abroad
Several steps have recently been taken by the government so as
the respect of rights and benefits of Ethiopians living abroad
strengthen their tie with their land of origin and
involve them in the economic development processes of the
Foreign Nationals of Ethiopian
origin have now been treated more or less like Ethiopian
Ethiopian returnees and returnees
of Foreign Nationals of Ethiopian origin have now the right to
import duty free and tax free goods upon their permanent return
Ethiopian Nationals and Foreign
Nationals of Ethiopians origin have now the right to have
foreign currency bank accounts either
Interest Bearing Non Resident Fixed
Foreign Currency Account,
Non interest Bearing Non Resident
Foreign Currency Account
Non-Repatriable Birr Account in
Ethiopia as well as to do business in money transfer services or
By issuing ID of Ethiopian origin,
Foreign National of Ethiopian origin have now the right to enter
the country without entry visas or to live in Ethiopia without
resident permits to be employed in Ethiopia without work permits
and to invest as domestic investors in Ethiopian.
Yet the government has worked out
and implements a new direction that would further boost their
positive contribution to the national development.
government has embarked on a comprehensive reform program with
the aim of reducing cost of doing business. The environment,
which has been made conducive for Ethiopians abroad, has thus
made an upsurge in the number of Ethiopian investors under their
category over the last four years.
Areas of investment reserved for domestic investors (where in
Foreign Nationals of Ethiopia origin have also the privilege to
trade and brokerage;
trade (excluding supply of petroleum and its by-product a well
as wholesale trade by foreign investors or their products
Export trade of raw coffee, oil seeds, pulse,
hides and skins bought from the market, live animals;
Hotels, motels, pensions, tea rooms, coffee shops, bars, night
clubs and restaurants;
Travel agency, trade auxiliary and ticket selling services;
Car-hire and taxi-cabs transport services;
Commercial road transport and inland water transport services;
Bakery products and pastries for domestics market;
Barber shops, beauty salons, and provision
of smith, workshops and tailoring services;
Building maintenance and repair, and maintenance of vehicles;
milling and timber making;
Customs clearance services;
Museums, theatres and cinema hall operations;
Without the prejudice to the above, the following areas of
investment are exclusively reserved for Ethiopian Nationals.
Banking, insurance, micro-credit, and saving service;
Broadcasting services using aircraft with a seating capacity of
up to 20 passengers.
The Ethiopia government calls upon peoples living
abroad to actively participate and contribute to the development
of the country. There is a good opportunity for them because
they have the money, the knowledge and the patriotism to invest
in their count.