Official name: Federal Democratic Republic Of Ethiopia (FDRE)
Government: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Head of State: H.E. Girma Woldegiorgis, President
Head of Government: H.E. Meles Zenawi, Prime Minister
Land Area: 1.14mil Sq.kms(440.284 sq. miles)
1.07 million sq. kms land
7.0 thousnad sq. kms water
(July 2007 est.)
Total: 76.5 million( July 2007 est.)
Rular population: 84.87%
Urban population: 15.13%
Birth rate :- 37.39 birth/1000 population
▫ Death rate :-
14. 67 deaths/1000population
Amharic is the official language
of the Federal Government.
English is the medium of
instruction at secondary schools, Universities and Colleges and is widely used in business
Tigrigna, Somali, Guragigna, Sidama, Afar are among the most
widely spoken besides Amharic.
Arabic, French and Italian are also spoken.
Location: East, Horn of Africa
Boundaries:- 5, 311km
▫ 337 kms with Djibouti
▫ 1,626 kms with Somalia
▫ 1,606 kms with Sudan
▫ 830 kms with Kenya
912 kms with Eritrea
Capital City: Addis Ababa
Currency: 9.52 birr = 1USD
(For up to date info:
National Bank of Ethiopia)
GDP makeup (2006):
Oil seeds and pulses
Hides and Skins
Livestock and Textiles
Major imports :
Machinery and Equipments
Location: Ethiopia is strategically located in the
Horn of Africa, 3' and 14.8" latitude 33' and 48' longitude
bordering Somalia, the Sudan, Djibouti, Kenya and Eritrea with a
total border length of 5,311 km.
is the 10th largest country in Africa.
3rd populous country in Africa
mts. Below sea level lowest pt
. 4620 mts the highest pt.. Ras
Its proximity to the Middle East and Europe, together
with its easy access to the major ports of the region, enhances its
Although Ethiopia lies within 15 degrees North of the Equator,
owing to the moderating influence of high altitude, the country
enjoys moderate temperature and pleasant climate, with average
temperature rarely exceeding 20oc (68oF). The sparsely populated
lowlands typically have sub–tropical and tropical climates. At
approximately 850mm (34inches), the average annual rainfall for
the whole country is considered to be moderate by global
standards. In most of the high lands, rainfall occurs in two
distinct seasons: the “small rains” during February and March and
the “big rains” from June to September.
Entry Point by Air
Bole International Airport, Addis Ababa; upgraded airports include
those at Dire Dawa ,Bahar Dar ,Gondar ,Lalibela , Axum, Arba Minch
Entry Point by
Dewele on the Dijibouti border. Arrivals undergo full customs and
immigration checks. The rail way, with day and night trains, runs
from Addis Ababa to Dijibouti via Nazaret ,Awash Station ,and Dire Dawa.
Entry Point by Road
Moyale (from Kenya), Humera And Metema (from Sudan), and Dewele
(from Dijibouti) and Humera,Rama and Bure (from Eritera). All have
full customs and immigration checks.
Telephone, telex, fax, internet and air mail services connect
Addis Ababa to all parts of the world. Services are available at
the General Post Office and its many branches ,as well as in the
main hotels. International direct dialing is available from all
major centers in the country.
Highways : total 36,469 km
Airports: total 120
Railway: 778 km from Addis
Ababa to Djibouti
The local currency is the Ethiopian birr, made up of 100 cents.
Notes are issued in denominations of 1,5,10,50, and 100 birr.
There are five different coins: 1,5,10,25, and 50 cents.
There is no limit to the amount of foreign currency imported into
Ethiopia, but it must be declared on arrival, using a currency
declaration form. Foreign currency may be changed only at
authorized banks and hotels .The currency declaration form will be
required by Customs on departure. Visitors may change back any
excess birr into foreign currency at the air port before
departure; but you must ,in addition to the currency declaration
form ,bring with you all receipts for exchange transactions.
Drivers require a valid International Driving License, which can
be obtained by exchanging your local license at the Transport and
Communications office on Haile Gebre Sillasie Road in Addis Ababa.
Visitors can recover their original driving licenses a day or so
prior to departure. Those with their own vehicles will require a
permit from the Ministry of Transport and Communication. Driving
is on the right hand side.
Ethiopia uses 220 Volts and 50Hz. It is best to bring your own
round, two-prong adapter and transformer if necessary.
2.294 billion kwh
2.133 billion kwh
Addis Ababa, the largest city that is the seat of the federal
government of Ethiopia, lies in the central plateau at an altitude
of 2400 meters. Its average temperature is 160c .
Addis Ababa was founded in 1887. It is a host to the African Unity
(AU) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA).
Several other international organizations have their head quarters
and branch offices in the Capital. Addis Ababa is also the center
of commerce and industry.
Ethiopia’s other important centers of trade and industries are; Awassa, Dire Dawa, Gonder, Dessie, Nazareth, Jimma, Harrar, Bahir
Dar, Mekele, Debre Markos and Nekemte. All these towns are
connected to Addis Ababa by asphalt and gravel roads and most of
them have good infrastructure facilities, such as first class
hotels and airports.
Ethiopia uses the Julian calendar which divides the year in 12
months of 30 days each, with the remaining five (or six days in a
leap year) constituting the short 13th month of "pagume".
In Greek pagume means “Additional“. The Ethiopian New Year
commences on the 10th or 11th of September every year.
Ethiopia is in the GMT +3time zone. Business hours vary according
to the nature of the business. Normally government office and most
other office hours are 8:00 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. and 1:30 P.m. to
5:30 p.m. from Monday through Thursday. Working hours on Friday
are 8:30Am to 11:30Am and 1:30pm to 5:30pm.
Banks are open from 8:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. from Monday through
Thursday. Working hours on Friday are 8:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. and
1:30 p.m. to 3: 00 p.m. and Saturday 8:30 to 11a.m.